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  • Mid Atlantic Wildlife Control
  • 2502 Hanson Road
  • Edgewood, MD 21040

Raccoon Removal

If Raccoons are denning in your attic they are also using your attic like a giant litter box. Raccoon feces are hazardous to humans and pets and should be cleaned up as soon as possible. If you have a nuisance Raccoon in your attic call us to schedule an inspection with one of our Wildlife Control Technicians. If you live in Maryland or Washington DC call 443-417-3137 or 202-557-1443 or 240-599-6815. If you live in Virginia call 703-919-6053. In Delaware call 302-388-2663. In Pennsylvania call 717-598-8098. A professional is always available to answer all of your nuisance wildlife problems.

Raccoon roundworms (Baylisascaris procyonis) are a well-known neural larva migrant in Raccoons, humans and other animals. It is a fatal or severe central nervous system disease that has little to no effects on its natural host Raccoons. In the past year there have been 13 known reported cases of Raccoon roundworms in humans, primarily in children. The common activities that children do every day such as playing in the yard can be hazardous to them.

Raccoons become infected with roundworms in two ways: 1) young Raccoons become infected by eating eggs during investigative behavior and during feeding and grooming activities with members of their family; 2) adult Raccoons acquire the infection by ingesting intermediate hosts (rodents, rabbits, birds) infected with the roundworm.

The life cycle of Raccoon roundworms is completed after larva is released in the intestinal tract and develops into adult worms. The same process and cycle occurs in both Raccoons and humans. This process takes approximately 63 days after the eggs have been ingested. Once the female roundworms are in the small intestine they will produce millions of eggs per day which are shed out in the feces. After Raccoon roundworm eggs become infective second stage larva in feces they can survive for many years in the proper condition.

To learn more about Raccoon roundworms and the hazards associated with Raccoon roundworms visit the Center for Disease Control at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/baylisascaris/ factsht_baylisascaris.htm.

WHAT IS A RACCOON LATRINE?

A Raccoon latrine is like a giant litter box for cats. It is an area that Raccoons will use to defecate and urinate over and over again. In many cases Raccoons will use the same latrines for many years. Latrines are found on roofs, in attics, crawl spaces, under homes, in tree crotches, on woodpiles, along fence lines and foundations of homes or buildings. Latrines are an indication that Raccoons have taken up residence nearby or frequently visit the area in search of food. These sites can contain millions of roundworm eggs and are extremely hazardous to humans and pets.

If you discover a Raccoon latrine it is very important to keep children and pets away from the area and clean it up. Cleanup of raccoon latrines can be difficult. The eggs of raccoon roundworms can survive for many years. They are resistant to all common disinfectants including bleach. The most effective way to kill Raccoon roundworm eggs is by flaming the area (including soil) with a blowtorch. Boiling water can be poured over small areas at a time. In heavily contaminated areas, it may be necessary to remove and bury the soil in a deep spot elsewhere. When cleaning up a Raccoon latrine it is very important that you wear proper protection including a dusk mask over the nose and mouth, disposable clothing, disposable gloves and heavy rubber boots that can be cleaned with boiling water.

Below is a photo of a Raccoon latrine. Raccoons have been using this attic like a giant litter box for a long time. The Raccoon feces that you see in this photo are full of thousands of Raccoon Roundworm eggs.

Raccoon feces that you see in this photo are full of thousands of Raccoon Roundworm eggs

To learn more about Raccoon feces in your attic and why it should be removed visit www.raccoonatticguide.com/restoration.html. To speak to a professional in Maryland and Washington DC call 202-557-1443 or 240-599-6815 or 443-417-3137. If you would like to speak to a professional in Virginia call 703-919-6053 or in Delaware call 302-388-2663 and in Pennsylvania call 717-598-8098.

WHAT DOES RACCOON FECES LOOK LIKE?

Raccoon droppings look like small dog droppings that are tubular and tapered at the end. Their feces are a dark brown to light black color and it has a pungent smell like a messy hamster cage. Their feces often contain undigested partials of food such as seeds, bone from animals that they have eaten, and also fur from small animals that they have eaten. Because Raccoon latrines are used repeatedly, there are often older, dry droppings mixed with fresh wet droppings.

HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE INFECTED RACCOON ROUNDWORMS EACH YEAR?

Over the past year thirteen known cases of humans being infected with Raccoon roundworms have occurred in California, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, and Pennsylvania. Five of these cases were fatal.

An 11-month-old boy became infected with Raccoon roundworms in California. The boy contracted the roundworm larva from his own yard where Raccoons were defecating. Further investigation indicated large populations of Raccoons throughout the area based on sightings, homeowner complaints, and the presence of Raccoon latrines in residential areas.

Watch the news report below about the 11 month old boy that became infected with Raccoon roundworms. Or visit http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hZgDNp91eMQ to get a better understanding of just how serious Raccoon roundworms can be.

If you would like to learn more about Raccoon Roundworms visit nwco.net/044-wildlifediseases/4-2-RaccoonRoundworm.asp.

SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS THAT YOU MAY HAVE RACCOON ROUNDWORMS ARE:

Some of the symptoms that appear in humans that are infected with Raccoon roundworms are nausea, skin irritations, tiredness, liver enlargement, loss of coordination and muscle control, blindness, inattentiveness, and coma.

Raccoons rarely show symptoms of the disease however other wildlife species such as woodchucks, squirrels, and birds tend to show abnormal behaviors when infested. A woodchuck, squirrel or bird that is infected includes tilting their head and difficulty walking or climbing. Some may lose their fear of people, walk around in a circle, roll on the ground, fall over, lie on their sides and paddle their feet, or fall into a coma.

To learn more about the symptoms and signs of Raccoon Roundworms in humans visit ohioline.osu.edu/w-fact/pdf/0020.pdf.

TREATMENT FOR RACCOON ROUNDWORMS:

If you have been exposed, or suspects that there has been exposure to raccoon roundworm, seek medical care immediate. Medical professionals may be able to kill the worms and prevent the disease before they migrate through the body. But if the condition is not treated early, recovery is less assured. Raccoon roundworm infections are very difficult to diagnose in people.

To learn more about the treatment of Raccoon Roundworms visit www.inquisitr.com/23338/raccoon-roundworm.

PROTECTING YOURSELF AND YOUR FAMILY FROM RACCOON ROUNDWORMS:

If you have Raccoon feces in an area where you are working it’s important to protect yourself and wear the proper gear such as a respirator that covers your mouth and nose, rubber gloves, rubber boots, and disposable coveralls. Raccoon roundworm eggs are resistant to common disinfectants, the feces and any contaminated materials should be burned.

Contaminated clothing can be double-bagged and discarded, or washed in boiling water with bleach. Clean rubber boots with bleach and a scrub brush. Clean traps before storing, to remove feces while they are fresh. Traps and other equipment that can withstand the heat can be flamed. If that’s impractical, clean with boiling water and bleach.

To learn more about protecting yourself and your family from Raccoon Roundworms visit www.cfsph.iastate.edu/FastFacts/pdfs/baylisascariasis_F.pdf.

WHAT IS THE LIFE CYCLE OF RACCOON ROUNDWORMS?

Raccoons become infected with roundworms in two ways: 1) young Raccoons become infected by eating eggs during investigative behavior and during feeding and grooming activities with members of their family; 2) adult Raccoons acquire the infection by ingesting intermediate hosts (rodents, rabbits, birds) infected with the roundworm.

The life cycle of Raccoon roundworms is completed after larva is released in the intestinal tract and develops into adult worms. The same process and cycle occurs in both Raccoons and humans. This process takes approximately 63 days after the eggs have been ingested. The eggs hatch into larvae and migrate into the liver and lungs of the host. After reaching the lungs the larvae can migrate further into other systems such as the eyes and central nervous system. Once the female roundworms are in the small intestine they will produce millions of eggs per day which are shed out in the feces. When the eggs become infective second stage larva outside the body (in feces) they can survive for many years and the epidemic spreads.

Below is a diagram showing the life cycle of Raccoon Roundworms (Baylisascaris procyonis).

Diagram showing the life cycle of Raccoon Roundworms

Visit the Center for Disease Control at www.cdc.gov or Raccoon World at www.raccoonworld.com to learn more about Raccoon roundworms.

Below is another diagram displaying the life cycle of Raccoon roundworms.

Diagram displaying the life cycle of Raccoon roundworms

The diagram below is from The Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This diagram displays the process of Raccoon roundworms.

A diagram displays the process of Raccoon roundworms

Below are photos of Raccoon Roundworms (Baylisascaris procyonis).

Raccoon Roundworms sizeRaccoon RoundwormsRaccoon Roundworms Size

Below is a photo of Raccoon roundworm eggs and larvae.

Raccoon roundworm eggs and larvae

Below is a photo of a man that has been infected with Raccoon roundworms. This adult roundworm has migrated through this man’s body.

A man that has been infected with Raccoon roundworms

Below is a photo of a child that has been infected with Raccoon roundworms. The larvae migrated to this child’s eye.

Child that has been infected with Raccoon roundworms

Below is an MRI of a 7 year old boy’s brain that is infected with Raccoon roundworms (Baylisascaris procyonis). Read the doctors caption beneath the MRI photo.

MRI of a 7 year old boy’s brain that is infected with Raccoon roundworms

Figure 4: Raccoon roundworm encephalitis in a 7-year-old boy. Follow-up study day 9, parasagittal FLAIR sequence. Multiples areas of periventricular bright signal are evident in keeping with what is observed in Baylisascaris procyonis brain infestation. (Courtesy of Charles Raybaud, MD, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario.)

WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE RACCOON FECES IN YOUR ATTIC?

Dealing with Raccoon roundworms is a very serious matter and the area should be properly cleaned up immediately. If you have Raccoons in your attic you should call us to schedule an appointment. Our technicians are trained to identify and resolve all invasive Raccoon problems.

If you discover Raccoon feces in your attic we can remove all contaminated materials including attic insulation, sanitize the area and re-insulate your attic. Our professional attic restoration team has been trained to bring your home back to a healthy livable space.

HOW MUCH WILL IT COST TO RID MY ATTIC OF RACCOON ROUNDWORMS?

Most of our customers have only had Raccoons in their attic for a few weeks so an attic cleanout is not necessary. Some of our customers have had Raccoons living their attic for a long period of time and have had to have their attic professionally cleaned out and restored. Most homeowner’s insurance companies will cover the cost and fees associated with any damages caused by Raccoons. Allstate, State Farm, Nationwide, and Travelers are a few homeowners’ insurance companies that do cover the cost and fees associated with Raccoon damages, attic cleanouts, and restoring attics.

If you have a Raccoon problem and would like to learn more about involving your homeowner’s insurance company contact 202-557-1443 or 240-599-6815 or 443-417-3137 in Washington DC and Maryland, in Virginia call 703-919-6053, in Delaware call 302-388-2663 and in Pennsylvania call 717-598-8098. You can also visit www.propertyinsurancecoveragelaw.com or watch the Allstate “Mayhem” video at www.youtube.com/watch?v=78fJFbO81DY.

SERVICES WE PROVIDE TO RESOLVE YOUR RACCOON PROBLEMS

  • Live trapping and removal
  • Entry point seal up
  • Eviction fluid treatment
  • Eviction from chimneys
  • Eviction barriers
  • Vent cover installation
  • Chimney cap installation
  • Attic cleanouts and restoration
  • Dead animal removal
  • Animal proof trash containers
  • Crawl space cleanout and restoration