Northern Brown Snake

What does the northern brown snake look like?

The northern brown snake is 9” inches to 13” inches long. They range in tones of yellowish-brown to gray to dark brown or a reddish brown. There are rows of black dots running down the center of their back. They also have a thin dark line that runs from the back of their head to behind the eyes and down to the jaw. Their belly is a cream to a grayish tone with tiny dark dots along the edges. Juveniles have a yellow collar around the neck.

Where is the northern brown snake found in Montgomery County?

The northern brown snake is one of the most common snakes found in communities like Rockville, Silver Spring and Potomac. They prefer moist grasslands, forests, bogs, marshes, fields, and swamps, however this species of snake is also commonly found in backyards in Kensington and urban parks in Bethesda. Our Montgomery County snake control technicians often remove the northern brown snake from the basements and crawlspaces of homes throughout Montgomery County.

Is the northern brown snake venomous?

The northern brown snake is not a venomous species. However they will bite if they think their life is in jeopardy.

What animals or wildlife prey on northern brown snakes?

Many wildlife species in Montgomery County will prey on the northern brown snake. Fox, raccoon’s, owls, hawks, muskrats, weasels, and other snakes will feed on the northern brown snake.

What does the northern brown snake eat?

The earth worm is the northern brown snake’s favorite food however they will eat slugs and other invertebrates on occasion.

What are the habits of the northern brown snake?

The northern brown snake is primarily nocturnal however they are most often seen at sun rise and sun set.

What are the hibernation habits of northern brown snake?

The northern brown snake starts to hibernate in October and will exit hibernation in late March or April. Snake removal professionals often find this snake species hibernating in basements, crawl spaces, and wall cavities of homes in Bethesda, Potomac, and Silver Spring. They are usually found when homeowners are remodeling their home and ripping open basement walls. The northern brown snake will hibernate with other snakes of the same species or different species like the ring-neck snake.

What are the reproduction habits of the northern brown snake?

The northern brown snake reaches sexual maturity when they are around 2 to 3 years old. They mate in April after coming out of their winter hibernation. The breeding pair does not stay together after mating is complete. The females give live birth to between 3 and 31 young sometime in August or September.

How to get rid of northern brown snakes in a yard or home?

Montgomery County has a very large population of northern brown snakes. Homeowners from Silver Spring to Damascus to Potomac encounter this species of snake very often. Most encounters between northern brown snakes and homeowners occur in the yard. Many homeowners attempt to stop snakes from coming in the yard by purchasing snake repellants from local hardware stores. Store bought snake repellant is the diluted version of the professional grade however it may work until the first rain washes it away. If you want a professional grade snake repellant you need to contact a Montgomery County pest control company that specializes in snake control. Companies like Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Control are licensed by the Department of Natural Resources to remove snakes. They can also apply a professional grade snake repellent because they are licensed by the Department of Agriculture

Northern brown snakes are also very small in size so they do get into homes quit often. The most common entry points are cracks and gaps around the foundation of the home. Gaps around pipes and wires that are through the foundation are another vulnerable spot where snakes can enter a home. Another common area where snakes enter a home is under doors that have gaps or under doors that have no weather strip at the bottom. If you have had a snake in your home more than once you may have a problem and should contact a snake expert at Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Control (240-599-6815).